Arabic Calligraphy is the artistic tradition of handwriting and calligraphy based on the Arabic alphabet. It is the tool of communication known in Arabic as khatt (Arabic: خط), derived from the word ‘line’, ‘design’, or ‘establishment’. Kufic is the oldest form of the Arabic script.
From an artistic point of view, Arabic calligraphy has been well-known and appreciated for its diversity and great potential for development. In fact, it has been linked in the Arabic civilization and used in various fields such as religion, art, architecture, education and craftsmanship, which in return have played an important role in its advancement and investment. Although most Islamic calligraphy is in Arabic and most Arabic calligraphy is Islamic, these two are not identical. Coptic or other Christian manuscripts in Arabic, for example, have made use of calligraphy. Likewise, there is Islamic calligraphy in Persian or the historic Ottoman language. Arabic or Persian calligraphy has also been incorporated into modern art, beginning with the post-colonial period in the Middle East, as well as the more recent style of calligraphy..
Almost all Islamic calligraphy is written in Arabic script. The Quran was revealed in that language, and the self-righteous of the revelation meant that the script was adopted for many other languages, such as new Persian, Ottoman Turkish, and Urdu. Unlike many other scripts that have at least two distinct forms of writing—a monumental or printed form in which the letters are written separately and a cursive or handwritten form in which they are connected—Arabic has only the cursive form, in which some, but not all, letters are connected and assume different forms depending on their position in the word (initial, medial, final, and independent). The Emirates logo is written in traditional Arabic calligraphy.